Phosphorus Poisoning in the Match Industry 

Phosphorus Poisoning in the Match Industry

  • Phossy jaw - Wikipedia

    Phossy jaw, formally known as phosphorus necrosis of the jaw, was an occupational disease affecting those who worked with white phosphorus (also known as yellow phosphorus) without proper safeguards. It was most commonly seen in workers in the matchstick industry in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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  • PHOSPHORUS POISONING IN THE MATCH INDUSTRY IN …

    The recent work by the secretary of the American Association for Labor Legislation, Dr. John B. Andrews,1 on the occurrence of phosphorus poisoning in this country is a valuable contribution to the study of this form of industrial poisoning. Contrary to a more or less widespread impression, even among physicians and dentists, Dr. Andrews shows that phosphorus necrosis of the jaw in serious ...

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  • Phosphorus Poisoning - MedWorldOnline

    Phosphorus is usually used to destroy vermin, in manufacture of bomb flares, smoke screens, and in match industry. Forms Red Yellow-white (poisonous) On exposure to air, phosphorus gives fumes of phosphorus peroxide, which have a stormy garlic like odor. It is also luminous in the dark, and the fumes glow with pale yellow color. Mode […]

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  • Phosphorus - Wikipedia

    Phosphorus is a chemical element with the symbol P and atomic number 15. Elemental phosphorus exists in two major forms, white phosphorus and red phosphorus, but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth.It has a concentration in the Earth's crust of about one gram per kilogram (compare copper at about 0.06 grams).

    Pronunciation /ˈfɒsfərəs/ ​(FOS-fər-əs)

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  • Phosphorus poisoning definition of phosphorus poisoning ...

    phosphorus poisoning Poisoning caused by the ingestion of substances containing yellow phosphorus, such as rat poison or roach poison. Yellow phosphorus is used in manufacturing fireworks and fertilizers. Symptoms Liver failure may follow acute irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. There may also be kidney damage. Other symptoms include profound ...

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  • Phosphorus Necrosis in the Manufacture of Fireworks …

    the use of poisonous phosphorus in the match industry, where chronic phosphorus poisoning was most prevalent.1 In Europe, before resorting to prohibition of the use of poisonous phosphorus, every type of regulation was tried in the various coun­ tries. Among the measures resorted to were the limitation of the amount of phosphorus to 10 per ...

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  • Phosphorus and Matches - wwwchem.uwimona.edu.jm

    Phosphorus and the history of the match In 1669, Hennig (Nicholas) Brand(t) isolated phoshorus from urine. This was one of the first non-metallic elements to have been discovered. Prior to this the only elements known included Antimony, Bismuth, Carbon, Copper, Gold, Iron, …

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  • Matchsticks Once Sickened and Deformed Women and …

    The ravages of "phossy jaw"—necrosis of the jaw bone caused by phosphorus poisoning—may have been discovered in a young teenager's remains. ... Matchsticks Once Sickened and …

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  • Match - Wikipedia

    A match is a tool for starting a fire.Typically, matches are made of small wooden sticks or stiff paper.One end is coated with a material that can be ignited by frictional heat generated by striking the match against a suitable surface. Wooden matches are packaged in matchboxes, and paper matches are partially cut into rows and stapled into matchbooks.

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  • (PDF) Matchmakers' "phossy jaw" eradicated - ResearchGate

    Matchmakers' "phossy jaw" eradicated. ... and investigated phosphorus poisoning in the match industry. (4) The AALL activity followed a 1902 discovery by federal investigators of 16 cases of this ...

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  • Facts about Phossy Jaw A Deadly Occupational Disease

    Charles Sauria, a French chemist was the first to introduce white phosphorus as an active ingredient of matches, way back in 1830. Phossy jaw is an occupational disease that was rampant in the 19th century and early 20th century among people working in the match industry. During that time, white phosphorus was commonly used for making matchsticks.

    Author Nicks J

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  • Red phosphorus chemistry Britannica

    In chemical industry Phosphorus. Red phosphorus, comparatively harmless, is used in matches.Ferrophosphorus, a combination of phosphorus with iron, is used as an ingredient in high-strength low-alloy steel. In addition, the many organic compounds of phosphorus have varied uses, including those as additives for gasoline and lubricating oil, as…

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  • Red phosphorus chemistry Britannica

    In chemical industry Phosphorus. Red phosphorus, comparatively harmless, is used in matches.Ferrophosphorus, a combination of phosphorus with iron, is used as an ingredient in high-strength low-alloy steel. In addition, the many organic compounds of phosphorus have varied uses, including those as additives for gasoline and lubricating oil, as…

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  • Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor, Nos. 1 ...

    Phosphorus poisoning in the match industry in the United States—Concluded. Factory conditions and phosphorus poisoning in American factories— ...

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  • Phosphorus poisoning Article about phosphorus poisoning ...

    Real progress against phosphorus poisoning in the match industry originated in Europe. Kindling a flame under federalism progressive reformers, corporate elites, and the phosphorous match campaign of 1909-1912. The victims were three husbands and man who she was housekeeping for and all had evidence of phosphorus poisoning.

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  • Phosphorus - Chemical Poisons

    However, because of its propensity to produce chronic poisoning in workers of the match industry, most countries agreed at an international convention in Berne, Switzerland in 1906 to prohibit the manufacture and import of yellow phosphorus for the making of matches.

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  • White Phosphorus Poisoning - Explosive Encounter

    fumes of phosphoric and phosphorus acids. The red amorphous form has none of these properties. It is used in the manufacture of safety matches, fertilizers, explosives and also in chemical industry. White phosphorus used for match heads in past, now prohibited for this purpose, has yet one domestic form of rat paste.1,2 Collapsible tubes with this

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  • The Job Safety Law of 1970 Its Passage Was Perilous U.S ...

    The Job Safety Law of 1970 Its Passage Was Perilous ... In 1870, the Massachusetts Bureau of Statistics of Labor urged legislation to deal with "the peril to health from lack of ventilation." ... "Factory Sanitation and Labor Protection," U.S. Bureau of Labor, Bulletin 44, 1903; John B. Andrews, "Phosphorus Poisoning in the Match Industry in ...

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  • Phosphorus - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Circumstances of Poisoning. Historically white phosphorus exposure was a major occupational disease of humans, particularly in the white phosphorus match production industry. The disease consisted of progressive erosion of the teeth, mandible, and maxilla due to inhalation of white phosphorus fumes.

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  • Clinical Lecture ON TWO CASES OF PHOSPHORUS POISONING ...

    Like phosphorus poisoning, it is a modern disease, and its history is about coextensive with that of phos- phorus poisoning, the first cases having been described by Rokitansky, of Vienna, in 1842, or nine years after the establishment of the lucifer match industry. Whether, as phosphorus poisoning has become more common and better mderstood ...

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  • 10 Deadliest Occupational Diseases in History - Human ...

    Lead poisoning is a potentially deadly medical condition caused by high levels of the eponymous toxic heavy metal in the body. Symptoms range from anemia and headaches to seizures, coma and death. Unfortunately for workers, occupational exposure is the main reason lead poisoning affects adults.

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  • Symptoms - db0nus869y26v.cloudfront.net

    Match industry. White phosphorus was the active ingredient of most matches from the 1840s to the 1910s. Concern over phossy jaw contributed to the London matchgirls strike of 1888, and although this strike did not end the use of white phosphorus, William Booth and The Salvation Army opened a match-making factory in 1891 which used the much ...

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  • Phosphorus Solutions - MIT

    This means 53 kg, fully 58% of phosphorus, is not utilized and ultimately lost into the environment (21). As China is the largest phosphorus consumer in the world, with 5.2 Mt consumed in 2009 alone , reducing the country's phosphorus waste by even half would save the world over 1.5 Mt of phosphorus (3.45 Mt phosphate) per year. 2.

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  • WHITE PHOSPHORUS Systemic Agent - CDC

    White phosphorus fumes cause severe irritation and the sensation of a foreign body in the eye. This leads to excessive tear production (lacrimation), spasmodic blinking (blepharospasm), and increased sensitivity to light (photophobia). White phosphorus particles are caustic and seriously damaging when in contact with tissues.

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  • White phosphorus; CASRN 7723-14-0

    Chronic exposure to white phosphorus in man has been associated with a progressive necrotic disease of the jaw bones known as "phossy jaw" (Davidson et al., 1987). Cases of this disease have been observed among workers in the phosphorus match industry (white phosphorus is no

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  • [Not just for fire. The risk of production and misuse of ...

    The phosphorus match was a useful but poisonous match, used during the last half of the 1900-century. The medical consequences of the match production were far-reaching. The workers, usually women, could be affected by chronic phosphorus poisoning including necrosis in the mandible.

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  • Phosphorus promotion and poisoning in zeolite-based ...

    Jan 01, 2015 · Phosphorus and microporous aluminosilicates, better known as zeolites, have a unique but poorly understood relationship. For example, phosphatation of the industrially important zeolite H-ZSM-5 is a well-known, relatively inexpensive and seemingly straightforward post-synthetic modification applied by the chemical industry not only to alter its hydrothermal stability and acidity, but also to ...

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  • Phosphorus – Critically life-essential, alarmingly ...

    Aspooky element. That’s what phosphorus, the fifteenth element of the periodic table, is for many. In the early days after its discovery, some even looked at it as ‘the Devil’s element’. And for good reason. Consider this. When bonded to four oxygen atoms, the element phosphorus forms phosphates that are the vital components holding our […]

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  • "The Poisonous Occupations in Illinois" Physician Alice ...

    This fact, that lead poisoning is brought about far more rapidly and intensely by the breathing of lead-laden air than by the swallowing of lead, is of the greatest practical importance. There can be no intelligent control of the lead danger in industry unless it is based on the principle of keeping the air clear from dust and fumes.

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  • The 13th Element The Sordid Tale of Murder, Fire, and ...

    Shining with wonderful nuggets-from murders-by-phosphorus to a match factory strike; from the firebombing of Hamburg to the deadly compounds derived from phosphorus today-The 13th Element weaves together a rich tableau of brilliant and oddball characters, social upheavals, and bizarre events.

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  • Applications of Phosphorus

    The quantity of phosphorus consumed in the match industry exceeds by far that required for all other purposes. The total consumption exceeds 1000 tons per annum, the greater part of which is worked up for matches, hundreds of millions of which are made per annum in factories in all parts of the world.

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  • White phosphorus is “highly toxic”- Albright and Wilson ...

    Historically the detrimental effects of white phosphorus used in the match industry were exposed by The Salvation Army. This was vigorously resisted by match maker Quaker associates of Albright and Wilson Bryant and May and it appears they deceived their workforce concerning its dangers as this parliamentary debate suggests.

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  • Phosphonecrosis definition of phosphonecrosis by …

    phosphonecrosis [fos″fo-nĕ-kro´sis] necrosis of the mandible due to excessive exposure to phosphorus; this was a common occupational illness in the 1800s among workers in the match industry and was an early example of the demonstrated need to protect workers from detrimental conditions by applying simple safety measures. Called also phossy jaw. phos ...

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  • Phosphorus - cs.mcgill.ca

    Phosphorus was first made commercially, for the match industry, in the 19th century, by distilling off phosphorus vapour from precipitated phosphates heated in a retort The precipitated phosphates were made from ground-up bones that had been de-greased and treated with strong acids.

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  • A 73 y.o. woman with a hx of breast ca and osteoporosis ...

    Jul 16, 2018 · This is osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with phosphorus poisoning. non healing fistula from dead bone.. It was first described in people who worked in match factories in the 1800s. Workers dipped treated wood into a white phosphorus solution, dried the sticks and cut them into matches. ... Phosphorus poisoning in the match industry in the ...

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  • New Scientist - John Emsley

    They often fell victim to a disease called "phossy-jaw", one of the most harrowing of industrial poisonings. It was caused by breathing air containing phosphorus vapour. About one worker in 20 in the match industry suffered from phossy-jaw. The effects of chronic phosphorus poisoning …

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  • THE EFFECT OF PHOSPHORUS IN RICKETS I ... - JAMA

    During the early years of the match industry pathologists not infrequently encountered instances of phosphorus poisoning. Wegner 1 found that the bones of patients who died of chronic phosphorus poisoning were often hardened and enlarged, while the bones of those whose deaths were due to more acute phosphorus poisoning showed softening and ...

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  • Phosphorus — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    Phosphate rock remains a feedstock in the fertiliser industry, where it is treated with sulfuric acid to produce various "superphosphate" fertiliser products. Incendiaries. White phosphorus was first made commercially in the 19th century for the match industry. This used bone ash for a phosphate source, as described above.

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  • Phosphorus Encyclopedia

    PHOSPHORUS (REVISED) Note This article, originally published in 1998, was updated in 2006 for the eBook edition. Overview. Phosphorus is found in Group 15 (VA) of the periodic table.The periodic table is a chart that that shows how chemical elements are related to each other. Phosphorus is part of the nitrogen family along with nitrogen, arsenic, antimony, and bismuth.

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  • (PDF) Yellow Phospherous Compound Poisioning

    Now red phosphorous is being used in the match industry. But In the military, yellow phosphorus is used in ammunitions such as mortar and artillery shells and grenades . ... Phosphorus poisoning ...

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  • How match is made - material, manufacture, making, history ...

    Workers in match plants who inhaled white phosphorus fumes often suffered from a horrible degeneration of the jawbones known as "phossy jaw." Despite this health hazard, white phosphorus continued to be used in strike-anywhere matches until the early 1900s, when government action in the United States and Europe forced manufacturers to switch to ...

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  • PHOSPHORUS POISONING. (Hansard, 25 April 1907)

    PHOSPHORUS POISONING. (Hansard, 25 April 1907) ... instance that it is possible to do without this process I need only mention that in one of the leading and best known match manufactories in this country, that of Messrs. Bryant and May, means have been found of making every class of match which the public require without using any white ...

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